Monthly Archives:May 2017

  • Easy Ways for an 11-Year-Old to Lose Weight

    If your child needs to lose weight, experts recommend taking a family approach. This means encouraging everyone — not just the overweight child — to make better food choices and become more physically active. Fad diets are not appropriate for children or adults. Successful weight loss comes from developing healthful eating and exercise habits that last a lifetime.
    One of the easiest ways to help your child lose weight is to rethink his drink. Beverages such as soft drinks, sports beverages and even 100 percent fruit juice contain more than 100 unnecessary calories per serving. Encourage your child to drink water or low-fat milk instead. Offer fresh fruits or vegetables with each meal and snack before providing higher-calorie choices. Fruits and vegetables are rich in nutrients and high in fiber, which will help him feel fuller for longer. Don’t skip meals, especially breakfast, because this often results in overeating later in the day. Watch less TV and be more physically active by aiming for 60 minutes of exercise a day. Focus on the health benefits he gains from eating better and being more active, rather than on actual weight loss.

  • Colors on Detox Foot Pads & What They Mean

    Our bodies are exposed to innumerable toxic substances each day. While the body is equipped to detoxify itself via the liver and other cleansing organs, many feel that an alternative detoxification method is necessary to fully purify the bodies. Detox foot pads may provide evidence of toxins residing in your system as a used pad will change from a pristine white to a variety of ominous, dark hues.
    Dermatologist Lawrence E. Gibson, M.D., states on MayoClinic.com that, as of 2010, there are no scientific studies to prove detox foot pads fulfill their intended purpose, which is simply to pull toxic substances from your body through the pores of your feet. Dr. Lawrence adds that manufacturers of detox foot pads present the dark discoloration after use as the result of toxins chemically reacting to the drawing agents in the pad.
    Supposedly, different toxins create a different color when reacting to the substances in the foot pad. Therefore, the colors you find can differ from the colors of another person¡¯s pad. Each color allegedly represents a specific type of toxin or region of the body that was detoxified, according to the Detox Safely website. According to the color chart on this site, there are up to nine different colors that may appear on your used foot pad.
    Black represents toxins pulled from the liver region of the body. The liver¡¯s primary functions are to cleanse the blood, process waste and distribute nutrients to your cells, states the KidsHealth website. Black flecks on your foot pad may indicate the existence of heavy metals. Arsenic, lead, mercury and cadmium are all types of toxic heavy metals that you can acquire from everyday substances like pesticides, batteries, paints and pipes, according to the DermNet NZ website. A brown coloring may represent further detoxification of the liver, cellular debris and tobacco.
    A dark greenish color on your foot pad may denote the detoxification of your gall bladder, an important organ that aids in the digestion of fats. Orange is representative of toxins pulled from the joints, potentially associated with such diseases as arthritis and rheumatism, according to the Detox Safely website.
    Red flecks on your foot pad may indicate the detoxification of blood clot materials, while a yellow-greenish color is associated with toxins pulled from the kidneys, bladder, urinary tract, female reproductive organs and the male prostate gland.
    You may notice some white cheese-like particles ¡ª a possible indication of yeast. According to the MedlinePlus website, yeast is a fungus that resides in your body. Your immune system is responsible for regulating the growth of yeast. An illness or dose of antibiotics, however, can quickly offset this balance creating a ¡°yeast infection.¡± The appearance of white foam may indicate the detoxification of the lymphatic system, which plays an integral role in our immunity.

  • Hand Signals That Volleyball Setters Use

    Like a basketball point guard on a basketball team or a football quarterback, setters are the leaders on the court for their volleyball team. Just as point guards and quarterbacks call plays for their offense, setters communicate plays and strategies to teammates for each point. There is one difference, however: Setters relay these tactics primarily through hand signals.
    Some coaches allow their setters to choose the zones each server should attack. Setters use their fingers to communicate the zones. The numbers for each zone are the standard zone serving system used worldwide. If the setter flashes one finger behind her back, the serve delivers the ball to Zone 1, or right back. Two fingers indicate Zone 2, or right front. Zone 3 is middle front, Zone 4 is left front, and Zone 5 is left back. Setters flash just their thumb to indicate Zone 6, or middle back.
    Some coaches prefer to tell their servers to serve to a more general area of the court instead of a specific zone. Setters show their right thumb behind their back to communicate that the serve should go to the right side of the court. Showing the left thumb means serving to the left side. Flashing both thumbs communicates serving down the center of the court. A setter can also shake his right hand to tell the server to serve to a weak passer on the right side of the court. Shaking his left hand lets the serve know to serve to a struggling passer on the left side.
    Setters can use hand signals to tell hitters what type of set they will execute on a particular play. For instance, the setter points his index finger up to signify a vertical quick set, or one set, is coming. A pinky finger pointing up indicates a vertical quick set to the right-side hitter, also known as a back one set. A pinky finger pointed sideways means a back slide attack using a horizontal quick set. A hand brushing down the middle of the chest designates a pipe set to the back row hitter positioned in the middle of the court.
    Setters can also use hand signals when calling plays for high sets. For a high set to Zone 1, or right back, the setter flashes one finger and then flashes two fingers. The hitter then calls out “12” to confirm the play call. The setter shows two fingers and then flashes two fingers again for a “22” high set to Zone 2. Three fingers followed by two fingers communicates a “32” high set to Zone 3. A “42” is a high set to Zone 4. A “52” is a high set to Zone 5. The setter uses her thumb to represent six followed by two fingers for a “62” high set to Zone 6.

  • How to Replace a Football Bladder

    Football bladders are similar to an inner tube. When the air valve fails or the bladder is punctured, the best solution is replacement. Not all footballs have independent bladders, and you identify these by molded laces. Footballs with bladders have polyester laces across the seam of the ball that you replace as part of the procedure. Obtain the new bladder, a new lace and a lacing guide to replace a football bladder.
    Insert a needle valve into the inflation hole on the ball. Squeeze the ball with both hands until it is fully deflated and remove the needle valve. Skip this step if the football is flattened or already deflated.
    Cut the laces along the seam carefully with the points of scissors and pull the laces out by hand. Spread the seams apart by hand to access the bladder.
    Reach inside the ball with one hand and put your fingers against the base of the inflation tube. Work the inflation tube away from the inner surface of the ball. Remove the bladder by pulling it out through the seam. Discard the old bladder.
    Position the new bladder along the seam of the football. Align the inflation tube with the hole in the ball where the old tube was removed. Hold the tube in this position with one hand as you tuck the ends of the bladder into the ball.
    Reach inside the ball with one hand and push the end of the inflation tube through the hole in the ball. Pull the tube from the outside until the bladder is tight against the inside of the ball.
    Cut the inflation tube with the scissors, 1/2 inch from the outer surface of the ball. This allows you to partially inflate the ball for lacing without the tube retracting inside the ball. You will trim the inflation tube flush after the ball is laced.
    Put the ball flat on a stable surface with the inflation tube up. Attach the needle valve to an air pump. Moisten the end of the needle valve with water and insert the valve into the tube. Inflate the ball partially until the bladder is stable inside the ball. Pull the needle valve out of the inflation tube and set the pump aside for now.
    Uncoil the new polyester lace. Refer to the lacing guide and lace the seam of the football using a lacing awl. Cut the ends of the lace as described and tuck each end firmly under the laces with the point of the awl.
    Moisten the needle valve and inflate the football fully with the air pump. Carefully trim the excess portion of the inflation tube flush with scissors.

  • Yard Games Similar to Horseshoes

    Horseshoes is a popular outdoor game that can be played in your yard, but there are many other yard games similar to horseshoes that you can try. Most of these games can either be purchased online or at a local store, and in many cases, you can make these games yourself using materials you may already have at home. Be sure to use caution when throwing objects outdoors so that no one gets hurt.
    The game of washers is similar to horseshoes but on a smaller scale. The object of this game is to toss your washers into a cup, which is usually made from PVC and mounted in an open wooden enclosure, to earn points and outscore opponents. Each wooden cabinet enclosure is placed approximately 8 feet apart, and the thrower from each team stands beside the opposing team’s enclosure while throwing. There are single-cup as well as multiple-cup washer games where each cup represents a different point value.
    A type of bean bag-tossing game, cornhole is similar to horseshoes in that you are tossing an object toward an opposing goal. In cornhole this is an opposing platform, which has a hole in the middle of it. Three points are awarded for a bean bags that lands in the hole and one point is awarded for a bag that lands on the platform.
    Jarts, also known as lawn darts, consists of the lawn darts and two circles created using lawn chalk or some sort of rope or plastic. The circles are created approximately 35 feet apart, and each team takes turn tossing their lawn darts underhand toward the opposing circle. Each thrower must stand behind their own circle when throwing. Scoring varies depending upon the location of each Jart once each round has ended, but in general, three points are awarded for making it in the circle. The first team to 21 points wins.
    This Canadian game, a cross between horseshoes and bowling, involves lining up 20 white bones — the soldiers — side-by-side with two black bones — the guards — at each end. Players take turns throwing four colored bones toward the line of 22 bones trying to first knock down the opposing team’s guards followed by the soldiers. You must stand approximately 32 feet from the line of bones when throwing. The team to knock down all of the opposing team’s bones in the fewest number of throws wins. Bunnock sets can be purchased online.